Society of African Journal Editors

Archives of Basic and Applied Medicine

Teachers’ Training and Involvement in School Health Program in Oyo State, South-West Nigeria

Authors: Ayodeji Matthew Adebayo, Gabriel IfeOluwa Makinde, Pauline Kunle Omode

Journal: Archives of Basic and Applied Medicine

School Health Program (SHP) currently lacks effective implementation in Nigeria. Lack of training/orientation of teachers in the program may have contributed to this. Developing an appropriate training interventions may require prior situation analysis to know teachers’ current level of training and involvement in the program, as such study is currently lacking in Oyo State. Thus, this study was carried out to assess primary school teachers’ training and participation in the SHP in Oyo state, Nigeria. A descriptive cross-sectional study was conducted using a 2-stage cluster sampling method to select 2 out of the 33 LGAs in Oyo State. A semi-structured self-administered questionnaire was used to obtain information on respondents’ characteristics and previous training and participation in the SHP. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and Chi-square test at p=0.05. Twenty-eight percent of the respondents reported previous training in the SHP out of whom 44.7% received the training on-the-job. Forty-seven percent were regularly involved in health inspection of pupils. Teachers who taught health education (92.3%) were involved in health inspection of pupils compared with their counterparts (74.4%) (p<0.001). Similarly, 85.3% of teachers trained on-the-job were frequently involved in the SHP compared with 73.6% of those trained during undergraduate years (p=0.026). The training and participation of public primary school teachers in the SHP in Oyo State were suboptimal. Efforts at building the capacity of teachers through on-the-job training in SHP may be found necessary to improving the current level of implementation in the State