Shelar Piyusha Suresh1, S. Gauri2, S. Desai3, M. Kavitha1 and P. Padmavathy1
The incidences of intoxication due to the consumption of marine foods have been increasing in recent years. This is due to the presence of biotoxins in foods of marine origin. The biotoxins will be accumulated in the marine foods due to the consumption of toxic biota of marine origin. When this contaminated food is taken by the humans or animals, those toxins will be transferred to them causing intoxication and lethality. Among these intoxications, most of them are caused by the harmful algal blooms (HAB). In order to avoid the harmful effects from marine biotoxins, it is necessary to have the proper knowledge. In this manuscript, the different types of biotoxins, source of intoxication, characteristics of toxins, detection and control measures are discussed in detail.
Key words: Harmful algal blooms, harmful algal blooms (HAB), ciguatara fish poisoning (CFP), paralytic shellfish poisoning (PSP), diarrhetic shellfish poisoning (DSP) blooming, detection.