Society of African Journal Editors

Journal of Agricultural Extension

Welfare status of rice farming household in office du Niger Segou Region of Mali

Authors: Mamadou Ballo, Nathaniel. S. Olutegbe, Adegbenga. E. Adekoya

Journal: Journal of Agricultural Extension

The study examined the welfare status of rice farming household in Office du Niger, Segou region, Mali. Multi-stage sampling was used to select 137 rice technology adopters and 65 non-adopters in the study area. Frequency counts, percentages, PPPMC and t-test were used for data analysis. About 45.0% of non-adopters and 29.2% of adopters were aged 31-40. Non-adopters and adopters had an average of 6 and 10 years of experience in rice farming, respectively. Most adopters (73.0 %) and non-adopters (50.8%) had a farm size between 1-5 hectares. Most adopted rice varieties were Kogoni 91-1 (94.2%) and IR 32 mille (81.0%). There was a high level of adoption among 59.1% of adopters. About 61.0% of adopters, but 53.8% of non-adopters earned less than 500,000 CFA (864.30 USD) annually from other activities as against between 500,000 and 1,000,000 CFA (872.60 and 1,745.20 USD) among 58.5% of non-adopters and above 2,000,000 CFA (3,490.40 USD) for 67.2 % of adopters. The majority (61.5%) of non-adopters had improved welfare status as against 80.3% of adopters in the same category. Household size (r = 0.192), income gained from rice production (r = 0.482, p = 0.000) significantly influenced respondents’ welfare level. There was a significant (t = -12.089) difference in quantity of rice produced by adopters (38544.73 ± 17721.69768 Kg) and non-adopters (11394.77±5244.97546). There was a significant (t = -2.917) difference) in welfare status of the adopters’ and non–adopters. Office du Niger should intensify efforts at up-scaling dissemination of improved rice technologies to cover more rice farmers. Keywords: Rice farming, rice technology, household welfare status