Society of African Journal Editors

Journal of Agricultural Research and Development

Effect of Buchholzia coriacea ( Wonderful kola) on Microflora of Fresh Fruits and Vegetables

Authors: JA Ayo, CB Nwanchukwu, UW Eke

Journal: Journal of Agricultural Research and Development

The Buchholzia coriacea (wonderful kola) was washed, extracted (using water and ethanol) and screened for phytochemical compounds. Swaps collected from banana, guava, tomato and spinach were cultured using nutrient agar, microorganisms characterized culturally and morphologically and subjected to biochemical tests to identify principal microorganisms. The antibacterial microbial sensitivity of Buchholzia coriacea extract was evaluated using the microorganism isolated from the selected fruits and vegetables. Principal microorganisms identified from the selected fruits and vegetables swabs included Staphylococcus aureus, Bacillus subtilis and Streptococcus feacalis. Flavonoids, terpenoids, glycosides, steroids, saponin, tannins were principal phytochemical compounds identified from Buchholzia coriacea extract. The anti-microbial activity of Buchholzia coriacea extract was shown as zones of inhibition. Greater zone (7.4/9.5cm) of inhibition was observed on Bacillus subtilis, Streptococcus feacalis (6.4/8.1cm) and Staphylococcus aureus ( 6.9 / 7.0cm) and at 100% concentration of aqueous and ethanol extracts, respectively.