Society of African Journal Editors

Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology

Understanding pediatric bacterial preseptal and orbital cellulitis

Authors: Mithra O Gonzalez, Vikram D Durairaj

Journal: Middle East African Journal of Ophthalmology

Pediatric preseptal and orbital cellulitis are infectious disorders that result in periorbital inflammation. Preseptal cellulitis is often associated with breaches in the skin barrier whereas orbital cellulitis is commonly associated with paranasal sinusitis. Orbital cellulitis may be associated with subperiosteal abscess. It is important to distinguish between preseptal from orbital cellulitis. Clinical examination and diagnostic imaging are useful in determining appropriate management. Patients are usually treated with broad spectrum antibiotics and surgery when indicated.