Society of African Journal Editors

Nigerian Journal of Paediatrics

Mothers’ awareness and use of zinc in under-five children with diarrhoea in North-Western Nigeria

Authors: GD Gwarzo

Journal: Nigerian Journal of Paediatrics

Background : Zinc supplementation is recommended in the treatment of diarrhoea. It reduces the severity, duration and recurrence of diarrhoea. Mothers’ knowledge and usage of zinc are important. Objectives: This study assessed mothers’ knowledge and use of zinc in children with diarrhoea. Materials and Method : The study was descriptive cross sectional of mothers who brought their children to a tertiary health centre in Kano, Nigeria. Mothers were selected consecutively from the Outpatient Clinic. Data were collected using questionnaire, and analysed. Results : Among the 212 mothers selected 55.7% were aware of zinc in the treatment of diarrhoea and 51.9% gave zinc to their children. Health facilities were the sources of information in 55.9% of them. Urban residency and mother’s education were associated higher rate of zinc utilization. Conclusion : Awareness and use of zing among the mothers were modest. Maternal education and awareness campaigns are needed to improve its knowledge and usage. Keywords : Zinc, diarrhoea, children, knowledge and practice, Nigeria.